kelebihan ginko biloba amway
Effects last from two to four hours
to organic fertilizers so as not to mess up
the plant's hormonal balance during flowering and seed production.
There have been recent reports of a wholly new source of lysergic
acid amides. The so called Sleepy Grass (Stipa robusta) of the desert
areas of the American West is reported to have an alkaloid content
approaching that of ergot, and should be a good source of raw
material to feed into acid production. See Discover magazine, Dec.
Additional Reading On Growing Ergot:
Gulf Res. Rep. 3(1), pages 105-109 (1970), "Observations on
Claviceps purpurea on Spartina alterflora." Canadian Journal of
Botany Vol. 35, pages 315-320 (1957), "Studies
on Ergot in Gramineous Hosts." Pharmacognosy (1965), pages 321-
327. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales Vol. 52, pages 571-
(1941), "Artificial Production of Ergot." Pythopathology Volume
35, pages 353-360 (1945), "The Field
Inoculation of Rye With Claviceps purpurea." American Journal of
Botany Volume 18, pages 50-78 (1931), "The
Reactions of Claviceps purpurea to Variations in Environment."
Extraction And Isolation Of
The Lysergic Acid Amides
Extraction And Isolation Of
Lysergic Acid Amides
After the harvest of the crops, the farming phase of acid
production is now over. This is a good news/bad news situation for
the acid chemist. The good news is that the voluminous pile of crop
will in short order be reduced in size to a quantity more conveniently
handled in the lab. For example, ergot typically contains from V* to
¥2% alkaloids by weight. A 200 pound harvest of ergot will, after
extraction, yield Vi to a full pound of lysergic acid amides. This
quantity is worth several millions of dollars if moved wholesale at a
dollar per dose. The yield from a similar amount of morning glory
seeds will be reduced by a factor of about 5, but still be substantial.
Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds are intermediate between the two.
The bad news takes several forms. A significant amount of
solvents will be needed to perform the extraction from the crop. It is at
this juncture that the acid chemist will need to employ industrial
contacts, theft, or the formation of a front operation to get the several
55-gallon drums of solvents needed to execute the extraction. The
aroma that solvents give off also precludes doing this procedure in a
residential neighborhood. A shed back on the farm site or a business
front setting is much more suitable.
It is also at this phase that the delicate natures of the lysergic
molecules express themselves. While they are locked up in ergot or in
seeds, these molecules are pretty stable, so long as the crop is kept
Practical LSD Manufacture
cool, dry, and free from mold. Once they are released, they are prey to
light, heat, air, and bad chemical handling. A clock begins to tick on
the shelf life of your product. Once the extraction is begun, the
chemist must consider himself committed to the task, and not allow
Brazil.Everyone has heard of the
country. They know about the football team and they
have heard about carnival. They know there is an awful
lot of coffee in Brazil and they have heard of
Copacabana which they believe is in Rio de Janeiro.
After that it all gets a bit hazy for some.
What has become apparent is that there is a growing
interest in Brazil and all things Brazilian among travellers
in Britain and the rest of Europe. It is as if Brazil
has been rediscovered some 500 years after the first
Europeans landed in the state of Bahia on 22 April 1500.
The purpose of this magazine is to redress part of
the balance about what is known about Brazil and to
give a very brief tour of what the country has to offer
the visitor. From the country’s best known city, Rio de
Janeiro, to the hidden secrets of the Pantanal, it is all
here, and what isn’t is only a mouse click or phone call
away at the Brazilian Embassy Tourist Office in London.
The office in London, which opened in April 2000,
was Brazil’s first full service tourist office to open
overseas and its web site (www.brazil.) has
become a source of information about Brazil for the
entire world. While this magazine is targeted mainly at
the UK market, it will be of use to any traveller
anywhere in the world considering a visit to Brazil.
The tourist office has the complete support of not
only the Embassy of Brazil in London; Embratur
(the Brazilian Tourist Authority) the Foreign Ministry;
and many other Brazilian institutions and
and bodies. It works closely with the individual
state and municipal tourist authorities the
convention and visitors bureaus; and the private
sector in both Brazil and the UK. It has, therefore, all the
contacts necessary to get the answers to any questions
a potential visitor or their travel agent might have.
So sit back and let your fingers and eyes do the
walking and discover why you should be planning that
trip to Brazil in the near future. 170 million Brazilians
are waiting to give you a warm welcome and show
you their country.
If you have any questions, you can call the Brazilian
E m b a s s y Tourist Office in London on 020 7629 6909; fax us
on 020 7399 9102; or e-mail us at tourism@brazil..
You can also find a lot more information about travelling
to Brazil, including all the latest visa and vaccination
requirements, at www.brazil..
We look forward to hearing from you and wish you a
very pleasant and enjoyable trip to Brazil.
4 Overview and maps
40 A-Z of Brazil
PLACES TO GO
8 Rio de Janeiro
16 The northeast
22 Foz do Iguaçu
24 The south
29 Minas Gerais
30 The Amazon
34 Brasília and the central west
36 São Paulo
THINGS TO SEE AND DO
14 Carnivals and celebrations
20 Food and drink
Published by the Brazilian Embassy Tourist Office
32 Green St, London W1K 7AT
Tel: 020 7629 6909, Fax: 020 7399 9102
E-mail: tourism@brazil., www.brazil.
Editor in chief Christopher Pickard
Editor John Adair Art director Michael Booth
Contributors José Maria Alkmin, Thomas Falcão,
Mariana Guimarães, Paula Gruendling,
Pavlova Munaretto, Revecca Santos.
Repro and printing by Mpress (Sales) Ltd.
© Brazilian Embassy Tourist Office 2001. All rights reserved.
The story of Brazil unfolds across an area of
3.3 million square miles (8.5 million square km); along
4,500 miles (7,250km) of warm, white beaches that
make up part of the longest continuous coastline in
the world, and among a resident population of
170 million Brazilians. Brazil’s story is the story of the
world’s fifth largest nation, both in terms of area and
population, a country that is one of the planet’s largest
democracies and economies.
Nine tenths of Brazil lies between the Equator
and the Tropic of Capricorn. Covering over half of
the continent of South America, this tropical paradise
borders every South American country apart from
Ecuador and Chile.
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